Marine



The environmental damage caused by the maritime practices of huge shipping lines, as well as the recreational boating industry, must be brought under control before new massive oil spills, as well as the endless discharge of noxious wastes into the world’s waterways ends up in catastrophic contamination that will affect us all.

After World War II, in 1948 when first statistics are available, there were 29,340 ocean going ships with a gross tonnage of 80,292,000. By 2004, the number of ships on the high seas had increased to 89,960 and gross tonnage stood at 633,321,000. As of January 2006, the world merchant fleet, measured in DWT tonnage, stood at 929 million tons. The size of the average ocean going vessel also increased during the period from 2737 tons to 7040 tons.

Occasionally, we hear of a massive oil spill, which threatens the adjoining coastal areas and poses an imminent danger to a wide variety of wild life. Such was the famous case of the Exxon Valdez. However, in any ordinary year, there are very large numbers of small spills, which accomplish the same type of devastation, but over an extended time period.

In 2001, a typical year, there were 7,559 smaller spills put on record. Large tankers and barges only accounted for 314 of these. Other ‘vessels’ accounted for 4,680, and ‘facilities’, which were land based, had 2,538 spill incidents. In all, they accounted for some one million gallons of mainly crude oil polluting the world’s waters and killing all sorts of marine wildlife, as well as migrating birds. Occasionally, there are reports of larger disasters, such as the 100,000 gallons of thick bunker oil spilled off the shorts of the Philippines in September 2006, which caused the displacement of 26,000 villagers.

As if this were not enough, the U.S. alone had 12,854,054 total recreational boat registrations in 2002, of which an estimated 2,247,000 were stern drive or outboard driven – i.e. gasoline or diesel fueled. There are no numbers available to determine the estimated total world ownership of recreational boats.

Almost all ocean going vessels periodically must blow their tanks to clean their bilges of whatever residues remain, consisting of stagnant contaminated water, oil deposits, etc. This normally takes place at sea, further adding to the detritus that is gradually raising the level of pollution in waterways, in particular inland waterways.

Then, of course, there are the land based spills caused by leaks or sabotage to pipelines, such as the 267,000 gallons of oil the spilt into the tundra of Alaska’s North Slope, the largest such spill in history, on March 20, 2006.

The strongest attribute of Nano Green is its appetite to consume hydrocarbons. Perhaps emulsify is a better word. To get a better understanding of just how potent it is, take a clear jar and fill it halfway with water. Pour about an inch or two of oil on top of the water. It will float on the surface, like a dark topping. Then take a beaker of Nano Green, pour it into the jar and swish is around with a stick or paddle. You’ll notice that the dark oil completely disappears. It has become totally emulsified into a milkish soup. The oil smell will also be gone. And it happens in a manner of seconds.

The conventional method of handling any significant maritime oil spill, is to contain it within a floating booms and then to pump it into the holding tanks of nearby tankers. Other methods include the use of bacterial agents, which consider oil a delicacy, but this takes an inordinate amount of time to consume, except for minor spills, or manual shovels and other land-based equipment. However, none of these methods can come even close to the results and economics that can be obtained by using Nano Green as a dispersal agent. By literally emulsifying the oil or any other hydrocarbon, the result is a total dispersal of the congealed oil globs into an almost non-noticeable waterous state, or a highly viscous state that can easily be vacuumed up.

Nano Green solubilizes, emulsifies and separates the hydrocarbons into exceptionally tiny nano-emulsions, while surrounding them with the water based solution. This has the effect of rendering volatile hydrocarbons non-flammable, while at the same time greatly stimulating bioremediation of the hydrocarbon by increasing the end chain exposure created by the nano-emulsions. This makes the traces of hydrocarbons that remain a readily available and easy to assimilate food source for bacteria.

Nano Green offers a unique, versatile, and environmentally supportive technology for use in fuel and oil spill cleanup, fire fighting, fuel and oil remediation, vapor suppression and general cleaning and degreasing applications. As with its other applications, concentrated Nano Green must first be diluted with water to become effective, and this water can be salt, fresh, brine or dirty . It can also be applied by any type of equipment, from fire hose to hand pump.

Nano Green offers the shipping industry, as well as the power boat recreational user, a swift, easy to administer and effective solution to their bilge and other cleaning problems. And most important of all, it does so at a remarkably economical price. It not only saves on labor costs, and down-time, but also on the expense of the cleaning agents. Combined, this provides a new-age method for an ago-old problem at literally a small fraction of what it is presently costing and, most important of all, at an infinite benefit to the environment.

Aquaculture

The world’s population continues to grow and grow. Feeding these burgeoning masses is becoming of greater and greater global concern. One of the consequences of the search and need for ever increasing foodstocks, has been the development of massive fish farms, in particular throughout Southeast Asia. There, fish farming has also become a major source of employment and income, as more and more emphasis is being put on developing a strong export market for their wiggly goods.

In the U.S., Nano Green was invited to visit a major fish hatchery in Idaho. There, we discovered that new hatchlings were being treated with formaldehyde and chlorine and sodium hyperchloride as a disease preventative. This offers the intriguing possibility as to whether dilute amounts of organic, non-toxic Nano Green can successfully replace these potentially harmful chemicals to the benefit of this huge industry.